On this webpage I'll describe how to build a waterfall for a terrarium.
Let me start off by saying: as with every project on this website -if you attempt to build this waterfall
it is at your own risk, specifically at the risk of your own pet. Lizard-landscapes.com cannot be held responsible
for accident or injury pertaining to the use of the techniques described on this website.
Learn the techniques on this webpage and then take it upon yourself to search for other resources that might be more informative to help you make educated decisions pertaining to the creation of your own model waterfall.
I have researched this process and have taken every step I can to build the safest
homemade waterfall possible. But as we all know, problems can occur and I would advise everyone
considering building a waterfall landscape, to do the proper research on the safest materials
and the safest waterfall ideas.
One area you definitely want to do research on is whether or not having a homemade waterfall
is appropriate for the particular pet lizard, frog, newt or other type of critter you may have.
For example, building a waterfall is definitely NOT appropriate for a bearded dragon.
Bearded dragons prefer a dry environment, and also do not have much experience with sitting water.
There is the potential for a bearded dragon to drown when left unattended with water.
There is also the fact that water raises the humidity level in an aquarium -which could lead
to upper respiratory problems in certain types of reptiles. So do the proper research
to ensure a rock waterfall would be safe and appropriate for whatever animal you are building it for.
Check out the videos below on how to build a waterfall for a terrarium.
How to build a waterfall for a terrarium PART 1
How to build a waterfall for a terrarium PART 2
Special note: the second video incorporates an expanding foam product. Expanding foam is considered to be very toxic, and you should use a professional gas mask, gloves, protective eyewear and protective clothing when using it. Ideally you want to use this stuff outdoors and let it cure for over 24 hours.
How to build a waterfall for a terrarium PART 3
To make this project waterproof I used a combination of two different sealers. After the waterfall construction
was finished, I used four coats of a non-toxic acrylic -called shields all (found at this site: hytechsales.com/prod50.html). Then for the areas to be constantly submerged in water,
I used aquarium safe silicone sealant (found at Home Depot)-by smearing one layer of the silicone all over what would become the two lagoons. To be safe, I went beyond what I knew would be the water lines, and then sprinkled some colored sand as a way of covering up the look that the silicone leaves behind.
I also sprinkled colored sand all over the visible sections of the sculpture -after the last layer of acrylic was applied. This counteracted the "shininess" left behind by the acrylic sealant.
Other ways of creating waterproof waterfall ideas are listed below:
Even though the above idea seems sound, aquarium safe silicone has been known to fail every now and then (hence
the reason why it is sold in small tubes to the average consumer -in order to repair leaks in fish tanks).
There are other ways of creating a waterproof DIY waterfall, they just might not be as aesthetically pleasing.
One idea would be to use a store-bought glass or ceramic container in which to hold the water. You could build up
fake rock around one of these containers, seal the fake rock with acrylic -which is water repellent and presto you've got a pond that would never leak.
Another idea to create a waterproof aquarium waterfall, is to make the pond or ponds out of clay. Once you constructed the design, you would fire it in a kiln then glaze it and fire it in a kiln again. Basically this process creates a glasslike safe seal that would never output any chemicals or gas into the water the structure is holding. You could then build up around the ceramic pond with the fake rock ideas presented on this website, or just create the entire structure out of clay. The problem with creating the entire structure out of clay is it would become extremely heavy, unless the structure you're building was rather small.
There is also the possibility of finding a non-toxic plastic reservoir to hold your water, I have not researched this yet but feel free to do so and get back to me. In addition to that you could research outdoor pond sealers. You know their non-toxic, and I think some companies will send you a sample upon request (which may be all you need), but again this is a method I have not tried and thus cannot vouch for it. Research it and get back to me.
The last idea in creating a waterproof waterfall landscape is to use the aquarium itself as the reservoir to hold the water. You would need to create a divider with glass and silicone, and then build up fake rock around the divider to make it look like a much more realistic living waterfall. The big catch to using this idea is that you would have to remove the water however so often as you would do to clean a regular fish tank. It would be much quicker and easier to have a removable reservoir to replenish freshwater as often as you wish.
Take the above waterproof waterfall ideas and decide for yourself which technique would be best suited for you.
If you have any other ideas on creating waterproof waterfall landscapes, please don't hesitate to share!
The first thing I did in planning out my DIY waterfall was to take into account how large or small it needed to be to be able to fit a particular size cage. I knew that I was going to need a front loading aquarium. The size of the homemade waterfall was going to be big and the concept of having water in it was going to add to its mass considerably.
I also knew I was going to make it in two pieces. One extremely large piece and one rather small piece. The small piece was created in order to hide the pump/filter system. I also wanted to be able to get the filter out of the cage easily by lifting out the small piece of fake rock. Be sure and check out the videos above on how to build a waterfall.
Another thing I did at first was to test out the pump/filter unit I had bought. I ended up going with the Tetra
Repto filter which seemed to have good reviews online. To test it I used a Rubbermaid container and an empty plastic ice cream container (these were both used to simulate the two ponds for the finished waterfall construction). Testing it out like this, I could see just how deep the water had to be for the filter to work properly. This test also let me know how loud the filter was and how loud the dropping water was. The test also gave me an indication of how I wanted the waterfall to look.
Questions you need to ask yourself are how far do you want the water to drop before it hits the level of water in the pond or ponds within your waterfall landscape. Are you really going to be able to handle a constant waterfall sound in your living room -or worse bedroom. It is suggested that if you have a waterfall running, that you should have it flowing 24 hours a day.
The landscape of the waterfall was constructed using sheets of polystyrene (Styrofoam). In addition to the Styrofoam I used a couple of cans of Great stuff expanding foam. The process of using great stuff expanding foam, which can be seen in the videos above on how to build a waterfall, helped to build up the waterfall landscape in a more random and organic way.
To glue together the pieces of polystyrene I used Loctite's power grab, which is similar to liquid nails.
After completing the foundation of the homemade waterfall I covered the polystyrene sculpt with three layers of non-sanded grout. You want each layer to be somewhat like thin pancake batter (not watery). After the third layer was applied I mixed up a batch of very thick grout to add more rocklike protrusions to the landscape.
The thick grout has very little water in it, achieving the consistency of thin clay.
After the grouting stage I gave it a base coat paint job. My goal was to pattern the look of this DIY waterfall around the Grand Canyon's Havasuva falls. It's not a precise model of Havasuva falls, instead I took basic ideas from looking at pictures of Havasuva falls, and of course other waterfall photos from around the world. You should definitely do some research for your own waterfall ideas to potentially create the most realistic and appealing waterfall terrarium.
If you're building a waterfall in a much more simplistic way, you might consider fake leaves and/or vines they sell at pet stores in order to cover up or hide the pump/filtration unit.
Once I was satisfied with the look of the waterfall landscape I moved on to the sealing stage. I used a product called Shields All which is a non-toxic acrylic sealer. I applied four coats, and in between each coat I allowed 48 hours to pass for the sealant layer to cure. Then I used aquarium grade silicone on all of the areas that were going to be submerged 24 hours a day. I would let the entire thing cure for about a week before putting the DIY waterfall in with a pet. As I stated earlier the process I used is as safe as I could get it, it doesn't mean that it isn't possible for problems to arise.
I did provide other alternatives (earlier) for you to consider -in regards to making your pond or ponds 100% waterproof. Please weigh the pros and cons and decide for yourself the best way to completely seal your homemade waterfall.
As mentioned earlier, to counteract the shiny look of the sealants, I sprinkled colored sand over most of the fake rock project. In addition to making it look more realistic the sand provides traction for the reptile.
In your search of how to make a waterfall for a terrarium scour the Internet for waterfall pictures of various waterfall landscapes and get inspired to create your own waterfall ideas. Don't forget to watch the above videos on how to build a waterfall.